“A fanatic is one who can't change his mind and won't change the subject.”
“Broadly speaking, the short words are the best, and the old words best of all.”
“He has all the virtues I dislike and none of the vices I admire.”
“History will be kind to me for I intend to write it.”
“It is a mistake to try to look too far ahead. The chain of destiny can only be grasped one link at a time.”
“It's not enough that we do our best; sometimes we have to do what's required.”
“Never, never, never believe any war will be smooth and easy, or that anyone who embarks on the strange voyage can measure the tides and hurricanes he will encounter. The statesman who yields to war fever must realize that once the signal is given, he is no longer the master of policy but the slave of unforeseeable and uncontrollable events.”
“Personally I'm always ready to learn, although I do not always like being taught.”
“We make a living by what we get, we make a life by what we give.”
“It is a good thing for an uneducated man to read books of quotations.”
“I am prepared to meet my Maker. Whether my Maker is prepared for the great ordeal of meeting me is another matter.”
“We shall show mercy, but we shall not ask for it.”
“I was not the lion, but it fell to me to give the lion's roar.”
Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill was a Conservative British politician and statesman. He was most known for his influence during World War II. He was one of the greatest wartime leaders. He was Prime Minister during 1940-45 and 1951-55. He has also received the Nobel Prize in Literature as well as being an Honorary Citizen of the United States. He was born in the aristocratic family of the Dukes of Marlborough. His father, Lord Randolph Churchill, was also a politician who was the Chancellor of the Exchequer and his mother, Jenny Jerome was an American socialite. Churchill was one of the first to warn about Nazi Germany. He became the First Lord of the Admiralty during the beginning of the Second World War. Then, following the previous Prime Minister's resignation Churchill became the Prime Minister in 1940. He was the force behind the British resistance when Britain stood alone in direct opposition to Hitler. He was most known for his speeches and radio broadcasts. After the Conservative Party lost in 1945 he became Leader of the Opposition. He became Prime Minister again in 1951.
He was first introduced to education when his governess, Ms. Elizabeth Anne Everest, tried to teach him reading, writing, and arithmetic. He was a poor student because he was very independent and rebellious. His military career started in 1894 as a cavalry office and was later commissioned as a Cornet in 1895. Churchill met Clementine Hozier in 1904 and married her four years later. They had five children: Diana, Randolph, Sarah, Marigold, and Mary.
He entered politics in 1900 when he won the seat of Oldham. He was a member of the Conservative Party, then led by Lord Hugh Cecil. He undermined his own political standing by opposing the government's military expenditure and Joseph Chamberlain's proposal of tariffs which were supposed to protect Britain's economic dominance. His constituency all but deserted him although he continued to stay seated until the next election. Then in 1939 Churchill came back into the political arena as First Lord of the Admiralty and a member of the War Cabinet. Churchill originally pushed for a pre-emptive occupation of the Norway's port of Narvik early on in the war. Chamberlain and the rest of the War Cabinet disagreed and this delay allowed for the German invasion of the Low Countries (Belgium, the Netherlands, Luxembourg, western Germany and northern France). This led to a loss of confidence in Chamberlain's abilities which led to his resignation and Churchill's rise to the position of Prime Minister. His speeches and radio broadcasts hardened British hearts toward a peaceful resolution and readied them for a long war. Churchill also created and took the position of Minister of Defence. Churchill's close relationship with Franklin D. Roosevelt solidified the shipment of food, oil and munitions along the North Atlantic shipping routes. When Hitler invaded the former Soviet Union Churchill, a staunch anti-Communist, sent British supplies and tanks to help. Churchill was crucial to the Casablanca Declaration, a meeting of the Allied powers in which it was decided the Allies would only accept unconditional surrender from the Axis powers. Soon after his reelection in 1951 to Prime Minister, Queen Elizabeth II offered to create the seat of Duke of London in reward for his dedication to Britain. Churchill declined due to his son Randolph's objections who would have inherited the title upon Churchill's death. Churchill retired and spent most of his time in Chartwell and at Hyde Park Gate, his home in London. He died on January 24, 1965 at age ninety. His body lay in state for three days and a public funeral service was held at St. Paul's Cathedral by order of the Queen.